Jim Brown speaks of Black Activism as a celebrity and entertainer. He talks about his feelings that Black sport celebrities and entertainers should do more than just entertain. Do you agree?, tell us your opinion.
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After Generations of Assimilation in Turkey, Afro-Turks are Fighting to Reclaim Their Heritage and IdentityBy Elliot Booker — 3 years agoBy David A Love September 17, 2016
Although this is unknown to many, there are up to 100,000 people of African descent in the nation of Turkey. A legacy of the Ottoman Empire and of the African slave trade, Afro-Turks, as they are called, have lost their language and have a renewed interest in discovering who they are and from whence they came.
As The Global Dispatches reported in 2010, while slavery existed in the Ottoman Empire from the 14th century until the 19th century, enslaved people came from the Balkans and the Caucasus until the late 1800s, with the abolition of “white” slavery in these regions after pressure from the European nations.
Before that time, the trading in Black people had been limited, but then, the trading of enslaved Africans to the Ottoman Empire grew, particularly from Kenya and Sudan. Between 1860 and 1890, around 10,000 enslaved Africans were sent into the Ottoman Empire each year, a total of about 250,000 people, with many freed at some point. Many enslaved people were sent to the cotton fields near Smyrna (now known as Izmir) on the coast of the Aegean Sea. But it wasn’t until the early 20th century that the end of slavery came, as enslaved people were replaced by paid servants. And in 1924, the Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk established laws of equal citizenship in the country’s new constitution. Further, as the BBC reported, Afro-Turks are called “Arab,” a term denoting someone who is dark enough to be Arab or African — in a country where Blackness is often negatively associated with inferiority. These days, in light of the refugee crisis, their identity has come to light in large cities, where Afro-Turks are often mistaken for Somali or Eritrean refugees, although these Black people have lived in Turkey for generations.
“It’s a shame we have lost our African language, the language our great-grandparents spoke. Every minority in Turkey has its language – the Kurds, the Zaza, even the Laz. But we have only Turkish, and we don’t know anything about our ancestors” an Afro-Turk man named Orhan told the BBC. “After years of suffering, you hide what makes you different,” he said. “That is why our parents and parents’ parents did not teach us their language. They did not want to make us different, they wanted us to only be Turkish.”
Meanwhile, due to years of intermarriage, there are likely many Turkish people who are descended from Black people and do not realize it, as The National reported. The national push for assimilation and a homogeneous society since the founding of the republic and the end of the Ottoman Empire has meant that Black identity was discouraged. However, Black people in Turkey are beginning to reclaim their heritage and their African past. For example, Mustafa Olpak, a grandson of enslaved Kenyans, published Slave Coast, a 2005 memoir chronicling his family’s saga from the Horn of Africa to Crete to Turkey.
“The first generation experiences, the second denies and the third researches,“ Olpak’s book begins. “We have been living in this region for at least 150 years and we don’t have any other homeland,” says Olpak, who also founded the Afro-Turk Association as a means to preserve their heritage and increase awareness of their condition. And Turkish authorities had banned the Feast of the Calf — known as Dana Bayrami in Turkish — a holiday that enslaved Black people celebrated in the Ottoman era, and which Afro-Turks resurrected only in 2007.
Like elsewhere, Black people in Turkey face discrimination. For example, African soccer players have faced racist chants from fans, including some who were called monkey and one who had a banana pointed in his face. In addition, Turkey has not been welcoming to African migrants. According to the International Business Times, there are at least 50,000 African migrants in Turkey, one-third from sub-Saharan Africa and who tend to be Christian, and the remaining from North Africa who tend to be Arab. Black Africans face racism, social exclusion and police violence.
President Obama’s 2009 visit to Turkey and subsequent meetings with Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan have provided an opportunity for the Afro-Turk community to reclaim their narrative and bring their issues to the table. In a country that is once again beginning to acknowledge its diversity and the contributions of so-called minority communities such as the Afro-Turks, Black people in Turkey are experiencing a cultural reawakening.Post Views: 177
By Elliot Booker — 2 years ago
Today’s REVIVE show topic is entitled:
“Knowing vs. Believing”
Today’s show is entitled “Knowing vs. Believing”. We will be discussing the influence that religion has on the community, spirituality, and the freedom of choice. Be a part of the conversation as we converse with many different leaders, highlighting why it’s important to learn the difference between knowing versus believing.
It would be amazing to hear your perspective. So please call in we want to hear what you guys out there have to say always. Once again this show is for the people. We here at REVIVE thrive off of communication. So call us at (215)490-9832. This episode of REVIVE will be an open forum so all perspectives can be heard through great conversation.
Sara Rahim: Sara Rahim is a Youth Representative to the United Nations for Parliament of the World’s Religions. She sits on the Advisory Council of UK-based Grassroot Diplomat and the Sanctuaries, a spiritually diverse arts collective in Washington DC. She has spoken prominently about the role of interfaith cooperation to institutions across the United States and Europe. Her international advocacy efforts focus on global health, youth empowerment, and refugee/migration issues. She has studied Arabic in Egypt, offered health education workshops for undocumented female migrants in Morocco, and organized an educational summer camp for underprivileged youth in Jordan. Sara has worked in refugee resettlement at World Relief, and with Interfaith Youth Core, coaching students to be leaders of interfaith action.
YOU CAN CATCH REVIVE EVERY SUNDAY 11 AM-1 PM & EVERY WEDNESDAY 8 PM-10 PM!!!
It would be amazing to hear your perspective. So please call in we want to hear what you guys the listening audience out there have to say always. Once again this show is for the people. We here at REVIVE thrive off of communication. So call us at (215)490-9832 or follow me on Twitter and Facebook @REVIVE_POC !
WE NEED YOU ALL TO BE APART OF THE CONVERSATION!!Post Views: 65
By Elliot Booker — 3 years ago
by : Danielle Dixon April 27th, 2016
When it comes to success in entrepreneurship, Annie Nyaga isn’t afraid to get her hands dirty. Literally.
Nyaga is a Kenyan-born budding farmer currently building a thriving agribusiness that brings consumers and farmers alike together.
Her choice of profession isn’t just serving to change the way young Kenyans view agriculture, but it is also helping to create a more food-secure Kenya.
Nyaga started out as a farmer in 2009, after passing up a scholarship to pursue a Master’s Degree in Biomedical Science and Technology. She felt that it just wasn’t the right path for her; the call to farming was stronger.
“I had a passion for farming,” she explained in an interview with Bizna Kenya. My parents practiced it and I noticed they got good returns … Farming has always taken a special portion of my heart. I don’t feel like I wasted my four years in university since I can apply what I learned in my farm. Farming is a profession like any other and young people should not view it as a side hussle. They should be ready to soil their hands if they want to prosper in farming.”
One would be mistaken to assume that Nyaga’s career move was instantly profitable. She initially began planting French beans and baby corn, both of which brought little profit because of the low demand for such produce. It was at this point that she decided to farm watermelons instead; a decision that proved to be a wise one. Her business began to flourish.
“Considering the availability of water in the region, cheap labour and adequate climate, I settled on watermelon since it requires a lot of water and sunlight,” she said.
Nyaga went on to invest in an irrigation system and staff to assist with crops. In addition to this, she launched a company, Farm2Home, to foster a stronger connection between young farmers and consumers. She then became founding director of 4-H Foundation Kenya, a foundation aimed at changing young Kenyans’ perception of careers in agriculture.
As of 2015, the 30-year-old entrepreneur has made a net profit of 600,000 Kenyan shillings (nearly 6000 US dollars) within a three-month time frame, all from harvest crops. Nyaga, along with her company, is on the fast-track to making millions in Kenyan shillings.
By: Danielle DixonPost Views: 96